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Sabtu, 25 Juli 2015

What Kind of Job I Want After I Graduate From University?

                My name Yovan Widiyanto, I was 22 years old. a graduate student majoring in computer systems, computer systems What is it? The computer system is divided into two words, namely Systems and Computers.
The computer system is an electronic network that consists of software and hardware that perform a specific task (accept input, process the input, store commands, and provides output in the form of information). Moreover, it can also be interpreted as elements related to running an activity using a computer.Computers can help people in their daily work, the work such as: word processing, numeric processing, and image processing.

Elements of the computer system is composed of human (brain ware), software (software), the instruction set (instruction set) and hardware (hardware). Thus these components are the elements involved in a computer system. Of course, the hardware does not mean anything if no one of the other two (software and brain ware).

While understanding of computer hardware is a single unit or hardware that helps people to complete a task or job that can not be solved by man. Thus, the idea Computer System itself is a collection of some of the hardware (hardware) and software (software) that are interconnected with one another to help people complete the work can not be done by humans. But in everyday life, Computer System itself can be interpreted as an electronic network that consists of software and hardware that perform the desired task or command by humans as accept input, process the input, store data, and displays the output in the form of information, Moreover, it can also be interpreted as elements associated with running the activities with the use of a computer.

Learning Computer Systems currently in great demand by people in the world. This is because a lot of people who use computer technology and use it for things that are positive or beneficial. The computer itself Popular era.With computer technology today, people can do the job and can save the results of his work (in the form of files) and can exchange information quickly with the help of a technology called the internet. With the Internet, people can exchange information from one person to another even though some people very long distances. Therefore, the computer is needed especially in the world of office.

After I graduated from university I want to be a computer network engineer, in this field, majoring in computer system needed to be able to have expertise in the design and maintenance of hardware and software for computer networks. Network Engineers usually have a college degree or higher. They may have had internships or specialty projects within the Network Design and Engineering field.There often entry level positions start, with increasing responsibility and specialization as you acquire years of experience and specialty certifications.

Network engineers typically promoted to senior level engineers and may focus extensively on specialty areas such as design, performance optimization or network security. Compensation for Network Engineers is excellent. Many jobs that pay above in the field of IT Network Engineering. Some of the highest paying certifications in the field of information technology within the network.

Red Island beaches: Kuta Beach Bali Has Rivals

 Pantai Pulau Merah: Pantai Kuta Bali Memiliki Saingan
         One more world-class surfing destination presented in Banyuwangi, not the G-land (Plengkung) but this named Red Island Beach. This beach has advantages compared to G-land that does not have a lot of rock like so Plengkung Red Island safer beach for surfers including beginners. This beach has another characteristic, namely the existence of a high hill 200 meters in front of the beach-like beaches in Brazil.           Red Island beaches like Kuta Beach in Bali but more rolling waves (up to two meters long and 300 meters), where it allows surfers to maneuver with tubes technique. Waves in red Island Beach can certainly be a destination of surfers beginners, amateurs and professionals as it has on average in height of two meters. This differs from the beach Plengkung or G-Land are just more professional surfers enjoyed.
            Red Island earlier name is Pitu Ringin Beach. Change of name to Red Island is based on two versions. Some say because of the color of reddish soil and sand of the island as high as 200 meters. Some are mentioned, purportedly from the Red Island is in front of a beach (approximately 100 meters) that was once emitted red light so that local residents renamed it Red Island.           Another attraction of this beach is located adjacent to the fishing village Pancer. You can also take advantage of the residents to stay home, feel the friendliness and simplicity of fishermen will be a different experience than usual.

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Tangkuban Perahu Crater Peak Legend Parahyangan

           Tangkuban Perahu volcano is still active, is located 25-30 km north of the city of Bandung to the small town of Lembang. A blend of natural beauty, popular fairy tales, and easy access from Bandung makes Tangkuban Parahu as a tourist icon of West Java. Moreover, in this place routinely Culture and Tourism Festival held Tangkuban Perahu.

Gunung Tangkuban Parahu
Parahu tangkuban famous folk legend that Sangkuriang West Java community. The mountain is shaped like an upturned boat, which according to legend it is because Sangkuriang failed to fulfill promises made boats and the lake in one night as a condition to marry Dayang Sumbi which in essence is his own mother. Sangkuriang which failed because it ran out of time and then kicked the boat to drift away and overturned. The capsized boat face down, which in Sundanese called tangkub, so until now called Tangkuban Parahu. 

          Large crater contained in this mountain is an amazing sight and you can explore the crater approximately 2 hours. Sulfur gas still comes out of the crater, although not active. From the top of this mountain, Bandung is simply vast expanse at the foot of the mountain. Visit this place as proof you have to 'see' Bandung.

Tangkuban Perahu (2084 m asl) is formed of repeating Volcano eruption activity Sunda. In a note during the past two centuries, the mountain erupted several times, namely in 1829, 1846, 1862, 1887, 1896, 1910, and 1929. Tangkuban Perahu has three main crater formations, namely: Crater Paguyangan 90000-40000 year old Rhinos , Volcanic activity and then move and form Upas at 40000-10000 years ago. Finally, the activity moves to Kawah Ratu, 10,000 years ago until now.

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Asia-Africa Museum: Inspiring generations for World Peace

              Asia-Africa conference and the historic first held here, at Gedung Merdeka, Bandung, West Java, on 18 to 24 April 1955. This is a conference which is a milestone that changed the world view of international relations. Of the trial and then gave birth to the Third World or the Non-Aligned Movement in addition to the West Block and the East Block. Dasa soul principle, Bandung also has changed the structure of the United Nations (UN).
               The conference was attended by leaders from 29 countries in Asia and Africa where most of the newly gained independence. These countries gathered to join hands determine their future. Asia and Africa covering a quarter of the earth's surface with a total population of 1.5 billion people at the time.
              Initiated by Indonesia, Burma (now Myanmar), Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Pakistan, and India. Other countries participating are: Afghanistan, Cambodia, China, Cyprus, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Nepal, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Sudan, Thailand , Turkey, Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), the State of Vietnam (South Vietnam), and Yemen.

Those who attended the conference were leaders of the country's struggle as Soekarno of Indonesia, Jawaharlal Nehru of India who came with daughter Indira Gandhi, Sir John Kottalawala of Ceylon, Muhammad Ali of Pakistan, Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia, U Nu of Burma, General Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Zhou En Lai of China, and many other figures.             The conference resulted in a 10-point declaration known as the Bandung Declaration. First Asian-African Conference was subsequently also known as the Bandung Conference which is the basis for the Non-Aligned Movement.
             Although held in the atmosphere of the Cold War between the United States and Russia but the Asian-African Conference was held successfully in formulation, operational guidelines for cooperation peoples of Asia and Africa, as well as efforts to create order and world peace.
             Asia-Africa Conference generate Ten Principles of Bandung, where most of the principles of the United Nations included in the Ten Principles. In addition, the conference tersbut also be a guideline for colonized countries in their struggle for independence. This Dasasila be basic principles in promoting world peace and international cooperation.

The success of this conference is not only important and meaningful in this period of history, but because of the values ​​exudes soul and spirit of the people who live in these two continents, Asia-African Conference continues to be a source of inspiration for the next generation.

Asia-Africa Museum was built to remind the countries of Asia and Africa in order to act on the principles of the Bandung Declaration. The idea of ​​the establishment of the Asian-African Conference Museum in Freedom House led by Prof. Dr. Mochtar Kusumaatmadja presented in the meeting of the Committee for the 25th Anniversary of the Asian-African Conference (1980). The idea was then fully supported by President Soeharto. Museum of the Asian-African Conference was inaugurated by President Soeharto on 24 April 1980 when the 25th anniversary of the peak of the Asian-African Conference.
            Asia-Africa Museum is located at Jalan Asia-African Conference in Bandung, directly opposite the Hotel Savoy Homann and Hotel Preanger where delegates of the Asian-African stay. The museum is open Monday through Friday from 8:00 to 15:00 pm.

Link :

Taman Safari: Where Wild Animals Places to Play Free

               If you want to observe wild animals such as tigers, lions and crocodiles in their native habitat, then Taman Safari Indonesia is one of the choices. Aside from being a modern zoo and conservation center diverse collection of flora and fauna, Taman Safari is also a buffer zone for the National Park of Mount Gede Pangrango located 900- 1,800 meters above sea level.The Taman Safari you will not only enjoy the beauty of nature and see a variety of animals alone, but you can also interact directly when these animals roam freely in nature. You can also travel in a conservation area with amazing wild habitat excursions using private cars or buses are available.In Indonesia, the Safari Park located in three provinces, namely Safari Park I in Cisarua, Bogor, West Java, Taman Safari II in Mount Arjuna, Prigen, East Java, and Taman Safari III (Bali Safari and Marine Park) in Serongga Gianyar, Bali. Among the three, the first Safari Park in Bogor is the most famous. Established in 1980 where previously it bears the name Radio Safari Garden and Taman Safari Televisi Indonesia. Taman Safari I Bogor was built in 1980 in a tea plantation that are not productive.Visiting Taman Safari is not only fun but also an educational experience to know the flora and fauna for you and your kids                Taman Safari has a collection of animals almost from around the world. There are more than 2,500 animals with hundreds of species that until now was preserved. Local animals that inhabit the Safari Park are dragons, rhinoceros, bison, bears, white tigers, elephants, dwarf buffalo, and others.When entering Taman Safari Bogor location, you'll see the shady trees and feel the cold air greets the skin from Mount Gede Pangrango. This experience will be an interesting thing to start an adventure together with wild animals in the open.               By using the car, you would enter the house from various tame and wild animal habitat. Although you are not allowed to get out of the car and open the door or window but you could see the attraction of the animals from inside the car. Traveling with your children in this location will definitely not be forgotten. Do not forget to take pictures of the animals.               After seeing the animals playing a variety of free, you can take the children to enjoy the attractions of animals ranging from orangutans, dogs and even goats. You can also enjoy interesting and unique attractions of this for about half an hour. You can also visit the bird park, animal training performances, reptiles, baby farm animal, elephant and horse riding, or a night safari trip. If your child would like to see the cowboy show, you can take them to the Wild-Wild West.Another interesting place to visit is Baby Zoo, where you can hug the baby animals and take pictures with them. After visiting these places, you can eat at one of the food booths available. Before the return, remember to buy souvenirs.

Link :

Jam Gadang

Clock Tower is an icon of Bukittinggi. In Indonesian, the Clock Tower means big clock and indeed great! Height of 26 meters was built in 1826 as a gift from the Queen of the Netherlands to the city secretary, Rook Maker. The roof has been changed three times reflecting changes in the history of the city itself. In the Dutch period, roof rounded with a statue of a rooster on it. Currently roof reflects the architecture of traditional Minangkabau house.One unique thing of this clock is the Roman numeral IV in hours, because it was written with 'IIII'. Clock Tower located in the garden area of ​​100 meters. Near the clock is Upper Market, which is the center of commerce in Singapore.See the mapAccommodationThere are many hotels offer a variety of rates and facilities in London, as it is located in Laras Dt. Bandaro-Soekarno Hatta- way Dr. A. Rival-General Sudirman and around the Clock Tower.TipsDo not forget to bring your camera.ShopInside the park, you can see street vendors selling local crafts and toys. Visitors can find all kinds of souvenirs and crafts Minangkabau near Upper Market.RoundYou can see the Clock Tower of the park where the Clock Tower stands, from the Upper Market or from the zoo, located about one kilometer from the city center.TransportationClock Tower is an icon of New York City, located in a city park. Singapore itself is located approximately 80 km from the airport Minangkabau; about two to two and a half hours by car or minibus.CulinaryThis area is famous for its food spicy Padang. In the market, there are many places selling Kapau rice, satay Padang and various types of food, crackers and a bag of spicy red chili powder.

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Japanese bunker


Japanese bunker is located in the town of Bukittinggi was built by the Indonesian people through forced labor under pressure from Japanese soldiers who occupied Indonesia from 1942 to 1945. The underground bunker has a length of 1,470 meters and is 40 meters below the canyon Sianok. There are 21 tunnels in the bunker which is used to store ammunition, shelter, meeting rooms, a detention room, dining room, kitchen, courtrooms, torture, spy room, ambush room, and a gate to escape. Exploring the complex of tunnels and caves is a real adventure.

You can see how this place into a fortress strong. The tunnel has a diameter of three meters and the walls were so thick that sound out there can not be heard. This includes extensive tunnel, nearly two hectares, and have six doors. One door is located in Panorama Park while others are on the way to the canyon Sianok.

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Parks Bung Hatta

             For fans of herbs, Parks Bung Hatta is a natural beauty, filled with rare plants and exotic flowers. In the past known as Setya Mulya Botanic Garden, this botanical garden is home to many unique species of tropical plants and species endemic to Sumatra. Stroll around the park and you will see plants that you may not find anywhere else on earth.               The main attraction of this park is a giant flower, Rafflesia Arnoldi, the largest flower in the world. Named Rafflesia Arnoldi according to the British Government Lieutenant Governor, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles who had lived in Bengkulu in a long time, and the botanist Joseph Arnold who first discovered the flower on the slopes of the Bukit Barisan mountains.               This flower is a rare miracle. it takes up to 10 months to develop and only bloom for about 15 days. When in full bloom, has a diameter of one meter. This plant has no roots, stems but consist of thread like plants on the vines. These flowers usually bloom between July and September. This flower is famous not only measure the magnitude, but because it smells rotten.

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Mangga Dua

              This is one of the favorite shopping destination in Jakarta. Located in the north of the capital, precisely on Jalan Mangga Dua Raya, Mangga Dua central business district is a place where you can buy a variety of items ranging from electronics, clothing, souvenirs, clothing materials, to food and automotive. From the highway that connects the city center with the Gunung Sahari area within a decade became one of the most attractive trade center not only in Jakarta but also in Indonesia. 
            North Jakarta government set Mangga Dua area of ​​40 hectares was in the range of 12 coastal tourism destinations. Along Jalan Mangga Dua Raya can you meet some of the mall, the International Trade Centre (ITC), hotel, up to the apartment. Mangga Dua is now assisting the Golden Triangle area of ​​Jakarta (Sudirman-Thamrin and Gatot Subroto) as a central business center in Jakarta.            Mangga Dua developed into a center of trade with considerable steeper sales turnover reaches trillions of dollars per day. The buyers and traders here not only come from Jakarta and other cities in Indonesia but also from the Asia-Pacific region.            Will be a bit confusing when you find virtually all trade and service center located in the region in fact did use the name 'mango two'. Some of them are: Dusit Mangga Dua, Mangga Dua Harcomas, Pasar Pagi Mangga Dua, ITC Mangga Dua, WTC Mangga Dua, Mangga Dua Square, to the Hotel Ibis Mangga Dua.            There is something quite unique here is building a shopping center are mutually connected by a bridge between buildings. The bridge will allow you to move from one building to other without having to go down to the outdoors.           In Mangga Dua you will find the multi-ethnic mingle in commercial transactions vigorously. Occasionally audible conversation sellers and buyers with Malay, Chinese to Arabic. Be smart use of language skills in the bargain price is appropriate.

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Bekasi City

Bekasi city is a city located in the province of West Java, Indonesia. Bekasi name comes from the word that means the same as bagasasi candrabaga inscription written in the monument, which is the name of the river that passes through this town. The city is now in the neighborhood of mega Jabodetabek and became the fourth major cities in Indonesia. Currently Bekasi City developed into residential urban and industrial centers. Bekasi city is also dubbed as the city patriot and fighter city.

Lalu lintas Jl. Ahmad Yani, Jembatan Jl. Cut Meutia, Kota Harapan Indah, Mal Metropolitan 

HistoryBekasi past was the capital of the Kingdom Tarumanegara as Dayeuh Sundasembawa or Jayagiri. In this city of origin Tarusbawa Maharaja, the founder of the Kingdom of Sunda Sunda lowered kings until the 40th generation that is Queen Ragumulya, the last ruler of Padjadjaran.In the colonial Dutch East Indies, Bekasi is one kewedanaan in District Meester Cornelis, who belongs to the region of Batavia En Omelanden residency. At that time, people's lives are still controlled by the Chinese landlords. This condition continued until the Japanese military occupation. Japanese military occupation alter society at that time. Japan implemented Japanisasi in all sectors of life. Regenschap Meester Cornelis be Ken Jatinegara whose territory includes Cikarang Gun, Gun Gun Kebayoran and Matraman. In 1950, the District Meester Cornelis (Jatinegara) changed its name to the Bekasi. And Bekasi City is a district of Bekasi Regency are then developed and upgraded in 1982 to the administrative city of Bekasi. Bekasi city at that time consisted of four districts, namely East Bekasi districts, South Bekasi Barat, Bekasi and North, and includes 18 villages and eight villages. In 1996 the administrative city of Bekasi back upgraded to a municipality (now "the city").

National Monument (Indonesia)

              National Monument or popularly abbreviated as Monas monument or memorial is as high as 132 meters (433 feet), which was established in memory of the resistance and the Indonesian people's struggle for independence from Dutch colonial rule. Construction of the monument began on August 17, 1961 under the orders of the president Sukarno, and was opened to the public on July 12, 1975. This monument crowned flame coated gold sheet that symbolizes the spirit of fiery struggle. The National Monument is located right in the center of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta. Monuments and museums are open every day starting at 08:00 to 15:00 pm. On Monday last week of each month is closed to the public.
               After the central government of the Republic of Indonesia returned to Jakarta after previously located in Yogyakarta in 1950 following the recognition of the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia by the Dutch government in 1949, President Sukarno began to think about the construction of a national monument that is equivalent to the Eiffel Tower on the ground right in front of the Palace. Development aims Monas monument commemorate and preserve the Indonesian struggle for independence during the revolution of 1945, in order to continue to inspire patriotism and spirit of present and future generations.
               On August 17, 1954 a national committee was formed and a national monument design competition held in 1955. There are 51 works entered, but only one works made by Frederich Silaban that meet the specified criteria committee, among others, describe the character of the Indonesian nation and can survived for centuries. The second contest was held in 1960 but again none of the 136 participants who meet the criteria. Chairman of the jury then asked Silaban to show his design to Sukarno. But Sukarno does not like the design of it and he wanted the monument was shaped phallus and yoni. Silaban then asked to design a monument with a theme like that, but the design of the proposed Silaban so extraordinary that the cost is very large and is not able to be covered by the state budget, especially when the economic conditions were pretty bad. Silaban reject designing smaller building, and suggested the construction be delayed until the Indonesian economy improves. Sukarno then asked the architect R.M. Soedarsono to resume the draft. Soedarsono enter the number 17, 8 and 45, August 17, 1945 symbolizes the start Proclamation of Indonesian Independence, into the design of the monument. The National Memorial was later built in an area of ​​80 hectares. This monument diarsiteki by Friedrich Silaban and RM Soedarsono, began construction August 17, 1961.

Jumat, 08 Mei 2015

Simple Past & Present Perfect, Tense

Simple Past & Present Perfect, Tense.

Antara kedua tenses ini, sering ditemui kekeliruan dalam penggunaannya. Oleh karena itu tidak seperti setiap tense lain, dengan artikel tersendiri; khusus mengenai dua tenses ini disengaja untuk di bahas dalam artikel yang sama.
Simple Past Tense & Present Perfect, Tense, sekilas menunjukkan kemiripan diantara ke duanya, yaitu mengenai suatu perbuatan, ke jadian atau keadaan, yang bermula serta ber akhir pada masa lampau. Namun, sesungguhnya terdapat perbedaan besar dan mendasar; kedua tenses tidak ber referensi kepada moment yang sama, begitu pula dengan tujuan penggunaannya.
Keterangan dibawah mengenai penggunaan dan contoh kalimat.

Simple Past Tense.
Penggunaan tense ini, bertujuan menyata kan suatu tindakan dimasa lampau, termasuk kriteria sebagaimana dimaksud dengan Simple Present Tense, yang tidak berlaku lagi saat ini, yaitu habitual action (kebiasaan) masa lalu dan ability (kesanggupan) yang tidak ada lagi pada diri seorang saat ini, atau karena orang dimaksud telah meninggal, dan sebagainya.
Simple Past Tense ber-referensi kepada suatu moment pada masa lampau (past), men cakup dari waktu bermula sampai berakhir suatu tindakan, inilah tujuan penting peng gunaannya. Oleh karenanya, penggunaan Simple Past Tense selalu disertai keterangan waktu.
Bentuk kalimatnya sederhana, dirumuskan sebagai dibawah ini.
Subject – Verb(+ed atau irregular Verb) – [Object] – Time.
– Subject dan Object, adalah kata benda, kata ganti benda, atau kata kerja yang dibendakan.
– Verb, adalah kata kerja bentuk past (dengan penambahan ‘ed’ atau kata kerja tak beraturan).
– Object, diperlengkapi untuk kata kerja transitive. Kata kerja intransitive tidak memerlukan object.
– Time, keterangan waktu, dari mula sampai berakhir tindakan.
Keterangan gambar:
– Tanda panah menunjukkan arah waktu, dari kiri (sebelum saat ini), ke kanan (sesudah saat ini).
– Now, saat ini, adalah pada waktu kalimat dikatakan atau dinyatakan.
– That moment, saat itu, mencakup dari waktu mulai sampai berakhirnya tindakan (garis hijau).
Contoh kalimat untuk perbuatan yang dilakukan dimasa lalu.
1a). I told you everything about it yesterday.
1b). You gave him money last week.
1c). Jane broke my glasses this morning.
Contoh kalimat untuk habitual action (kebiasaan) dimasa lalu.
1d). John went to that university when he studied engineering.
1e). I fell down many times from horseback before I knew how to ride horseback.
1f). He smoked a lot until the doctor seriously told him to stop.
Contoh kalimat untuk ability (kesanggupan) dimasa lalu.
1g). He painted beautiful pictures before he lost his sight.
1h). You did not know how to do that until my uncle showed you the way.
1i). I walked miles and miles before I got old.

Present Perfect Tense.
Tense ini juga menyatakan suatu tindakan yang bermula dan berakhir di masa lampau, namun ber-referensi dengan Now (saat ini), sesuai dengan namanya (Present), oleh ka- rena itu kalimatnya tidak lagi disertai keterangan waktu. Penggunaan Present Perfect Tense bertujuan menyatakan suatu tindakan dimasa lampau, yang membawa akibat sebagai konsekuensinya pada saat ini.
Bentuk kalimatnya dirumuskan sebagai dibawah ini.
Subject – Have/Has – Verb(Past Participle form) – [Object].
– Subject dan Object, adalah kata benda, kata ganti benda, atau kata kerja yang dibendakan.
– Have/Has, penggunaannya untuk pihak tertentu, tunggal dan jamak.
– Verb, adalah kata kerja bentuk past participle.
– Object, diperlengkapi untuk kata kerja transitive. Kata kerja intransitive tidak memerlukan object.
Contoh kalimat:
2a). I have told you everything about it.
2b). You have given him money.
2c). Jane has broken my glasses.
Ketiga kalimat ini menyatakan suatu tindakan sebagai ‘sempurna’ (perfect), yang mem bawa akibat (konsekuensi) pada saat ini, terlepas waktu kapan tindakan itu dilakukan.
Kalimat 2a, menekankan bahwasanya apa yang dikatakan (dimasa lampau) seharusnya sudah dimengerti, sebagai konsekuensi nya diharapkan perubahan sikap, atau tanggap an, dan sebagainya. Sedangkan dengan kalimat 1a, si pembicara hanya mengemukakan apa yang diperbuat kemarin, mungkin disadari bahwa apa yang telah dikatakan dimasa lampau belum cukup jelas.
Kalimat 2b, menyatakan “pemberian uang”, sebagai konsekuensinya, si penerima uang diharapkan sudah berbuat sesuatu dengan uang itu, atau ia tidak perlu lagi diberi uang saat ini dan sebagainya. Sedangkan kalimat 1b hanya mengemukakan kapan uang itu diberikan (minggu lalu), tanpa disertai pengharapan konsekuensi atas pemberian uang.
Kalimat 2c), menyatakan “pemecahan kaca mata”, sebagai menyesalkan tindakan; yang membuat saya tidak dapat membaca saat ini sebagai akibatnya, atau Jane diharapkan untuk membelikan kaca mata pengganti dan sebagainya. Sedangkan dengan kalimat 1c, si pembicara hanya mengemukakan siapa (Jane) dan kapan (tadi pagi) ia memecahkan nya. Tidak menunjukkan sikap atas kejadian atau konsekuensi, karena saya mempunyai sepasang kaca mata lain, dan sebagainya.
Kesimpulan atas penggunaan tense.
Dari dua tenses ini saja, Simple Past dan Present Perfect, dari contoh kalimat memperli hatkan bahwa suatu pernyataan tidak saja disampaikan melalui kata-kata di dalamnya. Tetapi tenses yang digunakan juga mencerminkan sikap si pembicara.
Sikap sopan, ramah, rendah hati, atau sebaliknya sikap keras, marah, menentang dan se bagainya dari si penyata kalimat, tidak saja melalui kata-kata yang digunakan atau dari nada bicara. Sikap didalam memberi pernyataan juga ter-refleksi oleh penataan bahasa dan tense yang digunakan.

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