Sabtu, 25 Juli 2015

Asia-Africa Museum: Inspiring generations for World Peace

              Asia-Africa conference and the historic first held here, at Gedung Merdeka, Bandung, West Java, on 18 to 24 April 1955. This is a conference which is a milestone that changed the world view of international relations. Of the trial and then gave birth to the Third World or the Non-Aligned Movement in addition to the West Block and the East Block. Dasa soul principle, Bandung also has changed the structure of the United Nations (UN).
               The conference was attended by leaders from 29 countries in Asia and Africa where most of the newly gained independence. These countries gathered to join hands determine their future. Asia and Africa covering a quarter of the earth's surface with a total population of 1.5 billion people at the time.
              Initiated by Indonesia, Burma (now Myanmar), Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Pakistan, and India. Other countries participating are: Afghanistan, Cambodia, China, Cyprus, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Nepal, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Sudan, Thailand , Turkey, Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), the State of Vietnam (South Vietnam), and Yemen.

Those who attended the conference were leaders of the country's struggle as Soekarno of Indonesia, Jawaharlal Nehru of India who came with daughter Indira Gandhi, Sir John Kottalawala of Ceylon, Muhammad Ali of Pakistan, Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia, U Nu of Burma, General Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Zhou En Lai of China, and many other figures.             The conference resulted in a 10-point declaration known as the Bandung Declaration. First Asian-African Conference was subsequently also known as the Bandung Conference which is the basis for the Non-Aligned Movement.
             Although held in the atmosphere of the Cold War between the United States and Russia but the Asian-African Conference was held successfully in formulation, operational guidelines for cooperation peoples of Asia and Africa, as well as efforts to create order and world peace.
             Asia-Africa Conference generate Ten Principles of Bandung, where most of the principles of the United Nations included in the Ten Principles. In addition, the conference tersbut also be a guideline for colonized countries in their struggle for independence. This Dasasila be basic principles in promoting world peace and international cooperation.

The success of this conference is not only important and meaningful in this period of history, but because of the values ​​exudes soul and spirit of the people who live in these two continents, Asia-African Conference continues to be a source of inspiration for the next generation.

Asia-Africa Museum was built to remind the countries of Asia and Africa in order to act on the principles of the Bandung Declaration. The idea of ​​the establishment of the Asian-African Conference Museum in Freedom House led by Prof. Dr. Mochtar Kusumaatmadja presented in the meeting of the Committee for the 25th Anniversary of the Asian-African Conference (1980). The idea was then fully supported by President Soeharto. Museum of the Asian-African Conference was inaugurated by President Soeharto on 24 April 1980 when the 25th anniversary of the peak of the Asian-African Conference.
            Asia-Africa Museum is located at Jalan Asia-African Conference in Bandung, directly opposite the Hotel Savoy Homann and Hotel Preanger where delegates of the Asian-African stay. The museum is open Monday through Friday from 8:00 to 15:00 pm.

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