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Selasa, 30 Desember 2014

Letter 5 : Business Opportunities for Students

Lately young people as many students who want to plunge into the world of business. Creativity and ideas - a brilliant business ideas are emerging from their average - average still young. Some young entrepreneurs who was a student has demonstrated their success in proving their independence.

But that is a pity, not all students have the same confidence and courage to try the business opportunities that exist. There are still a lot of students who prefer working partime as employees direstoran, cafe or follow the event - a specific event that requires employees rather than trying to run a business. They still think that running a business would disrupt the lecture is being taken. When in fact many side business that can be run without disturbing the students that they are following the lecture schedule.

Additionally kepikiran with schedules collide, the students also always use the excuse not to have huge capital to run their business. Actually, a lot of business opportunities that do not require capital sideline great, here are some examples of business opportunities for students to try co - who is looking for a business:

1. Business language translation services
For students who have language skills can try translation services business both online and offline. Translation services are still much sought other fellow students in doing the lecture. You can start this business environments ranging from fellow students.

2. Online Business
One business that can try the students are online business opportunities. Because this business is not capital intensive, as it only requires a laptop or computer and the internet that has become part of the student. In addition, online businesses also have flexible working time, they can run the business after coming home from college.

3. Business electrical pulses
Business electrical pulses are also often used as a side business students. This is evidenced by the number of pulses conter walk among the students, just by using the chips they've been able to serve the demand balance for all providers. This business also has good prospects, because of the high demand for pulse is derived from the young people including students.

4. Business in accordance with the hobby
From hobbyists who occupied the students it can also generate profits if taken seriously into a business. For example, many female students who like to be creative with knick - knacks and accessories for women to seriously pursue his hobby to create a boutique accessories. Another example is for the students majoring in electronics that have a hobby tooling - tweaking electronic repair tool, can at it by opening the service business service electronic device. In addition to the business example above, there are many business opportunities for students who can run.

key to Success
Things to remember the students when they try a business is serious in business. Before you run a business you want, you should specify the division between lecture schedule with running a business. So the business that you run not only taken seriously when free time alone.

After finding the division schedule is right for you and your business will be run, you should select business opportunities that match your interests or talents. So you can enjoy your field of business and do not feel obtain additional burden of the business. Look for information on all things concerned with the areas of the business to be run, from the equipment needed, much capital should be prepared, and specify the target market of your business.

Many businesses can be run co - which still existed as a student, hopefully with some examples of businesses that have been discussed can be used as a business idea for students. It is time that young people who began to work with his efforts. Good luck and greetings successful.

Letter 4 : The origin of a Tempe

          Unlike other traditional soy foods which usually comes from China or Japan, tempeh originated from Indonesia. It is unclear when making tempeh begins. However, this traditional food has been known since centuries ago, especially in the Java community order food culture, especially in Yogyakarta and Surakarta. In chapter 3 and chapter 12 manuscripts Fiber Centhini with Java settings of the 16th century (Fiber Centhini itself was written in the early 19th century) has found the word "tempeh", for example, with the mention of the name of the dish jae Santen tempeh (a type of tempeh dishes with coconut milk) and kadhele srundengan tempeh. This and other available historical records indicate that it may at first be produced from black soybean tempeh, derived from the traditional rural communities of Java-may be developed in the area of Mataram, Central Java, and developed before the 16th century.

                The word "tempe" probably derived from the Old Javanese language. In the days of ancient Javanese are white foods made from corn starch called tumpi. Tempe fresh white also appear to have in common with the tumpi food.
In addition, there are references to the tempeh from 1875 in a dictionary Javanese-Belanda.Sumber Others say that making tempeh begins during the era of the Cultivation in Java. At that time, the Java community was forced to use the results of the yard, such as cassava, yams and soybeans, as a source of food. In addition, there is also the notion that tempeh may be introduced by Chinese people who produce such foods, namely soybean koji fermented using Aspergillus. Furthermore, the technique of making tempeh spread throughout Indonesia, in line with the deployment of the Java community that migrated to all parts of the country.

Letter 3 : Never break through rail crossings

The importance we maintain traffic order. broke through the railway crossing is very often seen in all major cities. for example, in Jakarta alone. Events vehicle broke through rail crossings that occur in Plastica. Car tanker carrying oil materials in contact with the commuter line KRL Serpong-Tanah Abang purpose in crossing Telok Betong, Pondok Ranji. noon. time of the incident, immediately panicked passengers scrambling out. There is a train that broke the glass. Explosions sounded several times at the scene. Hysterical passenger train, running scrambled away from the scene. Trains also seen overturned. As a result of the incident, KRL be dropped off the track, the first train is a special train women (KKW) burning and it is certain that events would interfere with another train. KRL unknown number of passengers were injured, even machinist and engineer KRL passengers died and several KRL.
Incidents like this do not happen again if all road users comply with applicable regulations. No rush when the train passed through the door and put the drive train as the train is running on its rails.
Despite repeated accidents at crossings, the fact that there are still many people do not realize the risk of passing the level crossings. When the siren was sounded railway crossings but there are still some road users still pass when the siren goes off as a sign of the train will soon pass. Actually, if users want to be patient highway briefly then accidents at crossings can be avoided.
Impatient behavior highway users become one of the causes of accidents at crossings, in addition to causing congestion that often occurs. Congestion was actually also occur due to the behavior of impatient because they want to go ahead especially motorcyclists. As a result, four-wheeled vehicles are often stuck in the body of the railroad because it can not go forward and backward.
Community participation, especially road users not to break through the door is needed. As good as the regulations made and any heavy sanctions will not reduce the number of accidents diperlintasan for highway users are still breaking crossings.

Letter 2 : Beware, Drinking Water While Eating

You have the habit of drinking a lot when you're eating? It looks like you should immediately change the habit. Therefore, a sip of water when eating was found to inhibit the digestion in the stomach.

Counselors microbiotic of India, Shonali Sabherwal, say, when eating is not the right time to quench your thirst. "People do not know how to drink water while eating quite difficult for their digestion," said Sabherwal as quoted by the Times of India.

Research shows that drinking a little water during the meal is not a concern. However, drinking a glass or two glasses can interfere with digestion. The researchers found that it is best to drink water before a meal and two hours afterwards. This helps in the absorption of nutrients.
Sabherwal says that drinking water when eating can dilute the concentration of gastric acid (HCl). To digest food, your body requires a certain concentration of HCl. However, because they drink a lot of water, the concentration of HCl is reduced. As a result, only a few foods that can be digested by the body. This, if allowed to continue can cause various diseases.
Gastric acid, in addition to aid digestion also functions as an anti-bacterial. If the stomach is not working optimally, will be able to affect the work of other digestive organs become more severe, causing an imbalance of the body's metabolism.
In order to not feel hungry when eating, Sabherwal urged not to eat too many salty foods. "Make sure your food is not too salty because it will increasingly make thirsty," he said. So that digestion is still running well even without assisted by water, he suggested that chewing slowly. When chewing, mouth secretes enzymes that help digestion of food so that the task of the stomach to digest food becomes lighter.

Letter 1 : Problems and Potential Youths

Problems and Potential Youths
1. Problems Youths
Various problems that arise during the generation of these include:

a. Decreased mental idealism, patriotism, and nationalism among the community, including young soul.

b. This lack of certainty is experienced by young people towards their future.

c. Yet the imbalance between the number of young people with educational facilities available, both formal and informal. Tinggimya number of dropouts are not only detrimental to young people themselves, but also detrimental to the nation.
d. Underemployment and job opportunities as well as high levels of unemployment and underemployment among young people lead to reduced national productivity and slow down the pace of development of the national development and can cause a variety of other social problems.

e. Lack of nutrients that inhibit the development of intelligence, and growth.

f. Still many underage marriage.

g. Promiscuity which endanger the nation's moral foundations.

h. Rampant drug use among adolescents.

i. The absence of legislation concerning peraturanm younger generation.

In order to solve the above problems of the younger generation, it takes the efforts of a unified, focused and planning of the entire national potential to involve young people as subjects of development. Youth organizations that have done well is a potential that is ready to be involved in national development.

2. Potentials Youths

Potentials found in the younger generation to be developed are as follows:

a. Idealism and Critical Power

Sociologically, the younger generation has not been established in the existing order, so that he can see the flaws in the order and reasonably able to look for new ideas. The embodiment of ideals and critical power needs to be equipped runway balanced sense of responsibility.

b. Dynamics and Creativity

The existence of idealism in the younger generation, cause they have the potential dynamism and creativity, namely kemampaun and willingness to make changes, updates, and improvements to existing deficiencies or propose new ideas.

c. Courage to take risks

Change and renewal, including development, has risks can be missed, delayed or failed. However, it is necessary to take risks if you want to make progress. The younger generation may be involved in efforts to contain the risk. It required the readiness of knowledge, calculation, and the skills of the younger generation so that they can provide good quality to take risks.

d. The spirit of optimism and excitement

Failure does not cause young people discouraged. Optimism and excitement spirit that the young generation is a driving force to try to advance.

e. Independence and Discipline Pure Attitude

The younger generation has a desire to always be independent in attitude and actions. The attitude of independence it needs to be equipped with a consciousness of pure discipline on themselves so that they can be aware of the limits of reasonable and are considerate.

f. educated

Although the dropout factors into account, the overall good in the sense of qualitative and in quantitative terms, the younger generation is relatively more terpeljar because more open opportunity to learn from the preceding generation.

g. Diversity in Unity.

Diversity young generation is a reflection of the diversity of our society. Diversity can be a hindrance if it lived in a narrow and exclusive. However, the diversity of Indonesian society is a dynamic and creative potential if ditempatka in national integration framework that is based on the spirit of youth and similarities oath motto Unity in Diversity.

h. Patriotism and Nationalism

Fertilization sense of pride, love, and participate in the nation and the country has among the younger generation needs to be encouraged because it in turn will strengthen the spirit of devotion and their readiness to defend and maintain the Homeland of all forms of threats. With determination and spirit of this, young people need to be involved in every business and strengthening resilience and national defense.

i. attitude Knight

The purity of idealism, courage, spirit of service and sacrifice as well as a sense of social responsibility that tinngi are elements that need to be nurtured and developed among the younger generation of Indonesia as a defender and upholder of truth and justice for the people and nation.

j. Ability Mastery of Science and Technology

The younger generation can contribute useful for the development of science and technology when functionally can be developed as a transformer and a dynamic to the environment are more backward in science and pendidilkan and application of technology, whether developed, as well as simple.

CONCLUSION
The future of a nation lies in the hands of the youth or the younger generation because they will replace the previous generation in leading the nation. Therefore, young people need to be given in the form of science provision in accordance with the demands of the times, and keep the culture of his people.

Memo & Mail

1.      MEMO IS :
·         a hard-copy (sent on paper) document
·         used for communicating inside an organisation
·         usually short
·         contains To, From, Date, subject headings and Message sections
      does not need to be signed, but sometimes has the sender's name at the bottom to be more friendly, or the sender's full name to be more formal. If in doubt, follow your company style.
Memo writing is something of an art form. A letter is not a memo, nor is a memo a letter. A memo is a short, to the point communication conveying your thoughts, reactions or opinion on something. A memo can call people to action or broadcast a bit of timely news. With memo writing, shorter is better.
As with all writing, memo writing needs a structure. Because they are short, rambling meanderings will soon destroy the memo’s effectiveness and become a waste of productive time to those that read it and to the person who wrote it.
If you have something longer than a page, it’s better to send it as an attachment or a document that follows the memo used as a cover letter. Never make a memo too long. If someone takes a glance at a memo that appears to be too long, there’s a good chance it will be set aside for a time when they aren’t busy. This can defeat your memo’s purpose which is timely communication.
2.      MAIL :
The mail or post is a system for physically transporting documents and other small packages, as well as a name for the postcards, letters, and parcels themselves. A postal service can be private or public, though many governments place restrictions on private systems. Since the mid-19th century national postal systems have generally been established as government monopolies with a fee on the article prepaid. Proof of payment is often in the form of adhesive postage stamps, but postage meters are also used for bulk mailing. Modern private postal systems are typically distinguished from national postal agencies by the names "courier" or "delivery service".
Postal authorities often have functions other than transporting letters. In some countries, a Postal Telegraph and Telephone (PTT) service oversees the postal system as well as having authority over telephone and telegraph systems. Some countries' postal systems allow for savings accounts and handle applications for passports.

sumber : http://bagus-pers.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2014-12-28T18:31:00-08:00&max-results=5

Selasa, 11 November 2014

Assingment 2

Inquiry Letter
Inquiry Letter is a letter written to request information and/or ascertain its authenticity. A letter of inquiry deals with various matters like job vacancies, funding, grants, scholarships, projects, sales, pre-proposals and others. The term is common in various business setups as it implies fund request or pre-proposal information. Owing to this usage, the term may be considered exclusive to these setups alone. But that is not the case, to this effect the below definition offers a justified meaning.

Inquiry Letter Definition
A document requesting information sent on behalf of an individual or an organisation for their own respective purposes, which can be mutually beneficial to the recipient and the sender.
The term ‘Inquiry’ is same as ‘Enquiry’. The former is more commonly used in U.S. and the latter one is more common in U.K. There are some other terms which represent the letters; these are Letter of Intent, Letter of Interest, Query letter, Prospecting Letter, Pre-proposal Letter and Concept Paper. The term ‘Cover Letter’, ‘Business Letter’, ‘Request Letter’ and ‘Sales Letter’ is also applied to an inquiry letter especially when the objective is same as that of letter for inquiry.
A letter of inquiry serves to facilitate business operations and satisfaction of the sender. Inquiry letters remove any misunderstanding and are time savers, especially when two parties want to reach an understanding. The communication towards this effect resolves the issue without any delay. With relation to it being a ‘Pre-proposal letter’, the inquiry letter is also termed as a ‘Condensed Version of a Proposal’. It is the outcome of the purpose of the letter which highlights the points of a proposal instead of a full-fledged proposal.
On an individual’s basis, these letters are sent to companies that are willing to hire but haven't advertised job openings. It can also be a letter addressed to editor in-charge of a publication proposing certain literary work. It can be a letter from a student who is vying for a seat in a college or a business that provides an internship. So, the objective of an enquiry letter is same but its projections and audiences are different. Same goes for its method of delivery, it can be sent via paper mail or electronic mail.

An example of inquiry letter
January 20, 2008
Ms. Charlotte Green
Employment Director
Environmental Consultants Inc.
P.O. Box 7692
Denver, CO 12345
Dear Ms. Green,
I am writing to inquire about job opportunities at Environmental Consultants, Inc. Your web page highlights that you are in the process of expanding your research facilities and I am pleased to learn that your company may be in need of additional individuals with strong research and leadership skills. I will be graduating this May with a Bachelor’s degree in Sociology and believe my education and experience make me a good fit for your company.

My experience as an intern with Carson Geological Consultants, as well as in the Jonesboro College Department of Geology, has provided me with a strong foundation in the field of environmental impact research. My specialty area of soil composition analysis should prove beneficial in performing the duties of the Coordinator. For the past two years, I served as president of my Fraternity. I was responsible for coordinating activities, organizing meetings and providing leadership to a peer group of 25 men. My enclosed resume provides additional information on my education and experience.

I look forward to an opportunity to discuss my qualifications and learn more about your company. Feel free to contact me at (765) 495-xxxx. I am available Mondays after 2 p.m. I will be contacting you on February 5 to assure you received my application. Thank you for your time and consideration. Sincerely,

James Purdue



Complaint Letter
A Complaint Letter is a type of letter written to address any type wrong doing, offence, grievance, resentment arising out of a product, service etc. Complaint Letters are used to raise your concerns about unfair things and seek a productive outcome. They are also used to vent out your pent up emotions arising out of your suffering or bad experience. It is a fundamental right and duty of a citizen to seek justice arising out of any injustice, which is initiated by a Complaint. Complaint letters then, become your First Step towards your Consumer Rights. They inspire other hassled consumers, influence the concerned authorities towards taking proper action and make the defaulters more liable, responsible and responsive. This is because unresponsive behaviour of the offender is liable to a Punishable Court Proceeding or an Expensive Lawsuit.
Writing complaints letters is an essential responsibility of the victim whilst seeking positive outcomes. Complaint Letter writing is not only a pre-warning for the offender but also a chance for them to rectify their act in time. These letters are not just meant for defective products, service they can also be written towards any injustice happening in the society, like ‘Smoking in Public’, ‘Misuse of Water by any Person or an Organisation’ and any issue happening in society which needs to be addressed.
Anyone can complaint through letter if there is a legitimate reason. Anyone can write a letter to the administration regarding the pollution, water supply, traffic problems, shortage of electricity etc. You don’t need to be a lawyers or an influential person. All you need to do is to learn to write a complaint letter in an appropriate manner with all the relevant information included. In the matter contained here, you will get all the tips to write a complaint letter.

Types of Complaint Letters

Complaint letters are of different types and different reasons and depending upon that they can be categorised accordingly.
Depending on the level of an organisation or an individual these can be:
1. Personal Complaint Letters - When a letter is written at a personal level by an individual it is called as Personal Complaint Letter. These are written by consumers to get refund, replace a product etc. These are also written for grievances’ regarding a service or any issue affecting the individual or society at large.
2. Professional Complaint Letters - When a letter is written on behalf of an organisation it is called known as Professional Complaint Letter. These letters have the backing of an organisation and are mostly related to professional items and services.

An example of complaint letter
Dear Sirs
                                 Faulty (xyz) product
I'm afraid that the enclosed (xyz) product doesn't work. It is the third one I've had to return this month (see attached correspondence).
I bought it from ABC stores at Newtown, Big County on (date).
I was careful to follow the instructions for use, honestly.
Other than the three I've had to return recently, I've always found your products to be excellent.
I'd be grateful if you could send a replacement and refund my postage (state amount).
I really appreciate your help.
Yours faithfully
signature
J Smith (Mrs)



Application Letter
Application Letter is a letter written for a variety of purposes in our day to day activities which can be domestic or professional. It is a liability conferred upon the sender by an authority. In such a liability the sender is expected to explain, inform/pre-inform the authoritative receiver about particular ongoing/upcoming activities, events, process or procedures. It is also a written request when written for assistance, admission, employment, favour, information, permission, service etc. A letter of application is also an accompanying document as and when required. When it does so it is known as Cover Letter. An application letter is largely a formal type of letter as it follows a predefined format which is applicable to most type of application letters.

Types of Application Letters
· Application letter for teachers
· Application letter resume
· Bursary application letter / application for grant
· Business application letter
· Internship application letter / application letter for internship
· Job application letter / application letter for job
· Leave application letter
· Loan application letter
· School application letter
· Scholarship application letter / application letter for scholarship
· Visa application letter

Often you will come across information that limits the meaning of application letter to that of just a cover letter. But the multipurpose role of application letter makes it meaning broad and in that sense it also a request letter and an inquiry letter. Varied practices across the globe and the prominence of same type of information related to application letter does not let it come across as any other type of letter. For most of us, the internet is the final or ultimate source of information. Search for the term ‘Application Letter’ on the internet and you will come across information which is indecisive.

Many confirm letter of application as same as a cover letter while some disagree. But the truth is mentioned in the above paragraph. To confine application letter to cover letter is to limit its definition and propagate misunderstanding. Towards this effect, let us go through an example. You want certain holidays from your college and you write a leave application letter to the principal. This letter is an application of request. Similarly, when you need to get a new account passbook issued from the bank you are requested to write a letter. When you want a loan from a bank, you apply for it by an application letter. These and many more point out to the varied uses of letter of application.

An example of application letter

Room 354, Block 6
Model Village
North Point
Hong Kong
Phone: 24862893
Mobile: 95427415
E-mail: wwm654@hkinternet.com
30 October 2014

Mr William Chan
Personnel Manager
Wong And Lim Consulting
PO Box 583
Kwai Chung
Kowloon
Dear Mr Chan



Application Letter for any Position
Techonkreet Techno
Sg Ramal Luar
43000 Kajang
Selangor, Malaysia
Date – 23rd December, 2012
Sub: Application Letter for job with reference to Advertisement in Daily, 29th Dec, 2012
Dear Sir / Madam,
                            This is in response to your advertisement ‘Required Graduates in any discipline’ for office work’ published in the Daily on 29th December 2012. I am interested in applying for the aforesaid.
I am Ms. Irine Abang, 36 years old, graduate from Selangor University batch of year 2000. I have worked for High Climb and Make Stock under the position of adviser. I am willing to attend for interview, test and relocate as per your convenience. I hope, I will be considered for your company’s employment. I have enclosed a copy of my C.V. and experience certificates for your review.

Your assistance and attention to this application is highly appreciated.
Thank you for your time.
Looking forward to hear from you.

Respectfully Yours,

Irine Abang
Lot 318, Jahlan Muhibbah
93400, Kuching
Sarawak, Malaysia
Phone - 802 – 418705
abngine@sel.com

Encl: Photocopy of C.V.
          Experience Certificates




Order Letter 
An order letter is usually written when a company purchases or buys  or orders goods or services from another party. An order letter can also be written by an individual who would like to buy or purchase goods or services. Here is anOrder Letter you  might need  when  you order goods and materials.  Do not forget to clearly state the exact name of the merchandise, the price, and the amount of payment being sent.

An example of order letter
Jakarta, April 02, 2013
Quantum Komputer
5th Floor, Mangga Dua Mall
Blok D26, Jakarta

Dear Mr. Richard Setyawan

I am interested in the items contained in the Computer Magazines March 30 issue of the computer magazine 2013.I want to order :

· 1 piece external hard drive with a capacity of 2 terabytes
· 1 internal hard drive with a capacity of 1 terabytes
· 2 piece external hard drive with a capacity 500 gigabytes

please be sent to the address of Jl. Mampang Prapatan IV 34 A, Tegal Parang, South Jakarta.
for the payment I will immediately transfer into your account ..

Yours sincerely,

Marjuan


Memo Letter
A short message or record used for internal communication in a business.
Once the primary form of internal written communication, memorandums (ormemos) have declined in use since the introduction of email and other forms of electronic messaging.

An example of memo letter



Gafargaon Municipal Office
Gafargaon, Mymensingh
Interoffice Memo

Date  : 26 August, 2014
To     : Upzila Nirbahi Officer
Gafargaon, Mymensingh
From : Kayser Ahmed Chowdhury, Mayor
Reference : 306/UNC
Subject : Request for Proper Distribution of Relief Goods

We came to know that the relief goods sent from the Prime Minister's Emergency Fund are not being distributed properly. Instead of the real flood victims, the relief goods are going to the influential who are not at all flood-affected.

We hope that you will direct the authority concerned to investigate into the matter and ensure proper distribution of the relief goods.




Sumber :
http://letters.targetstudy.com/inquiry-letter/
http://letters.targetstudy.com/inquiry-letter-for-possible-job-openings.html
http://letters.targetstudy.com/application-letter/
http://letters.targetstudy.com/application-letter-for-any-position.html
http://letters.targetstudy.com/scholarship-application-letter.html
http://letters.targetstudy.com/complaint-letter/
http://letters.targetstudy.com/customer-complaint-letter.html
http://grammar.about.com/od/mo/g/memoranterm.htm
http://bloggueblog.wordpress.com/2013/04/02/example-order-letter/
http://www.letters.org/order-letter/order-letter.html
http://www.englet.com/order


Kamis, 16 Oktober 2014

Definition Business Letter

A business letter is a letter written in formal language, usually used when writing from one business organization to another, or for correspondence between such organizations and their customers, clients and other external parties. The overall style of letter will depend on the relationship between the parties concerned. There are many reasons to write a business letter. It could be to request direct information or action from another party, to order supplies from a supplier, to identify a mistake that was committed, to reply directly to a request, to apologize for a wrong or simply to convey goodwill. Even today, the business letter is still very useful because it produces a permanent record, is confidential, formal and delivers persuasive, well-considered messages.

Types
The most important element you need to ensure in any business letter is accuracy. One of the aspects of writing a business letter that requires the most accuracy is knowing which type of business letter you are writing. A number of options are available for those looking to trade in business correspondence, and you will significantly increase your odds for getting a reply if you know the form you need to send.

1.Letter of Complaint
A letter of complaint will almost certainly result in an official response if you approach it from a businesslike perspective. Make the complaint brief, to the point and polite. Politeness pays off regardless of the extent of anger you are actually feeling while composing this type of business letter.

2.Resume Cover Letter
A cover letter that accompanies a resume should revel in its brevity. You should take as little time and as few words as possible to accomplish one task: persuading the reader to anticipate reading your resume. Mention the title of the job for which you are applying, as well or one or two of your strongest selling points.

3. Letter of Recommendation
A recommendation letter allows you to use a few well-chosen words to the effect of letting someone else know how highly you value a third party. Resist the temptation to go overboard; approach your recommendation in a straightforward manner that still allows you to get the point across.

4. Letter of Resignation
An official letter of resignation is a business letter that should be fair and tactful. Be wary of burning any bridges that you may need to cross again in the future. Offer a valid reason for your resignation and avoid self-praise.

5. Job Applicant Not Hired
In some cases you may be required to write a business letter that informs a job applicant that he was not chosen for an open position. Offer an opening note of thanks for his time, compliment him on his experience or education and explain that he was just not what the company is looking for at the present time.

6.Declining Dinner Invitation
Declining a dinner invitation is a topic for a business letter that, if not done tactfully, may result in a social disadvantage. Extend your appreciation for the invitation and mention that you already have an engagement for that date. Do not go into detail about what the engagement is.

7.Reception of Gift
It is very polite to return a formal business response letting someone know that you have received her gift. Extend a personalized thanks to let her know that you are exactly aware of the contents of the gift. If possible, it is a good idea to include a sentiment suggesting that you have put the gift to use.

8.Notification of Error
When sending a business letter that lets the receiving party know that an error has been corrected, it is good business sense to include a copy of the error in question if there is paperwork evidence of it. Make the offer of additional copies of material involved in the error if necessary.

9. Thanks for Job Recommendation
A letter of thanks for a party that helped you get a job should be professional and courteous. Above all else, avoid the temptation to go overboard in offering your thanks. Be aware that your skills also helped you land the job and it was likely not handed to you as a result of the third party.

10.Information Request
A business letter that requests information should make the request specific and perfectly understandable. It is also a good idea to state the reason for the information request. Extend advance appreciation for the expected cooperation of the recipient.

Parts

1.Letterhead
Companies usually use printed paper where heading or letterhead is specially designed at the top of the sheet. It bears all the necessary information about the organisation’s identity.

2.The date of the letter
Date of writing. The month should be fully spelled out and the year written with all four digits October 12, 2005 (12 October 2005 – UK style). The date is aligned with the return address. The number of the date is pronounced as an ordinal figure, though the endings stndrdth, are often omitted in writing. The article before the number of the day is pronounced but not written. In the body of the letter, however, the article is written when the name of the month is not mentioned with the day.

3.The Inside Address
In a business or formal letter you should give the address of the recipient after your own address. Include the recipient’s name, company, address and postal code. Add job title if appropriate. Separate the recipient’s name and title with a comma. Double check that you have the correct spelling of the recipient ‘s name. The Inside Address is always on the left margin. If an 8 1/2″ x 11″ paper is folded in thirds to fit in a standard 9″ business envelope, the inside address can appear through the window in the envelope.

4.The Greeting / Salutation
Also called the salutation. The type of salutation depends on your relationship with the recipient. It normally begins with the word “Dear” and always includes the person’s last name. Use every resource possible to address your letter to an actual person. If you do not know the name or the sex of of your reciever address it to Dear Madam/Sir (or Dear Sales Manager or Dear Human Resources Director). As a general rule the greeting in a business letter ends in a colon (US style). It is also acceptable to use a comma (UK style).

5.The Subject Line (optional)
Its inclusion can help the recipient in dealing successfully with the aims of your letter. Normally the subject sentence is preceded with the word Subject: orRe: Subject line may be emphasized by underlining, using bold font, or all captial letters. It is usually placed one line below the greeting but alternatively can be located directly after the “inside address,” before the “greeting.”

6.The Body Paragraphs
The body is where you explain why you’re writing. It’s the main part of the business letter. Make sure the receiver knows who you are and why you are writing but try to avoid starting with “I”. Use a new paragraph when you wish to introduce a new idea or element into your letter. Depending on the letter style you choose, paragraphs may be indented. Regardless of format, skip a line between paragraphs.

7.The Complimentary Close
This short, polite closing ends always with a comma. It is either at the left margin or its left edge is in the center, depending on the Business Letter Style that you use. It begins at the same column the heading does. The traditional rule of etiquette in Britain is that a formal letter starting “Dear Sir or Madam” must end “Yours faithfully”, while a letter starting “Dear ” must end “Yours sincerely”. (Note: the second word of the closing is NOT capitalized).

8.Signature and Writer’s identification
The signature is the last part of the letter. You should sign your first and last names. The signature line may include a second line for a title, if appropriate. The signature should start directly above the first letter of the signature line in the space between the close and the signature line. Use blue or black ink.

9.Initials, Enclosures, Copies
Initials are to be included if someone other than the writer types the letter. If you include other material in the letter, put ‘Enclosure’, ‘Enc.’, or ‘ Encs. ‘, as appropriate, two lines below the last entry. cc means a copy or copies are sent to someone else.


Styles of Business Letter
a. Full block style
The full block style has all the letter elements flush with the left margin; it is asymmetrical because there are wide white spaces on the right.
b. Block style
In a Block format letter : 
    (1) all text is aligned to the left margin, 
    (2) paragraphs are not indented. 
    (3) paragraphs are separated by double or triple spacing.
c. Semi block style
In a Semi-Block format letter : 
     (1) all text is aligned to the left margin, 
     (2) paragraphs are indented.
d. Indented style
Indented style is somewhat more complicated than other popular styles of business writing. In indented style, new paragraphs in a piece of writing are indented—that is, they begin about 1.5 centimeters to the right of the left margin. Other parts of a business letter are moved farther to the right half of the page. Indented style is one of the older formats for business writing currently in use, though other formats are becoming more popular. Indented style is a format that many of today’s business people were trained to use.
e. Simplified style
It differs from the simplified style in the sense that the salutation and the complimentary close are absent in the latter.
f. Hanging indentation style
A hanging indented letter style is when a paragraph is indented so that the first line hangs over the rest. Normally you would see a first line indent. This is when the first line is moved to the right and the rest of the paragraph starts at the margin. The most common place hanging indents are used is on a bibliography reference page. When typing you can change the indentation by either formatting the paragraph or changing the page margins.

Example of business letter :

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-7EbSZ_LNF3E/VDz8QBfVbRI/AAAAAAAAByw/s2HEcnufOcI/s1600/aa.jpg
Sumber :

http://www.studyenglishtoday.net/